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n. 1. (Naut.) One who reefs; - a name often given to midshipmen.
2. A close-fitting lacket or short coat of thick cloth.
Noun 1. reefer - marijuana leaves rolled into a cigarette for smoking
Synonyms: marijuana cigarette, spliff, stick, joint
A Reefer is:
another term for a Spliff, a cigarette made with cannabis
a refrigerated ship - see Reefer (ship) reefers
a refrigerated railroad wagon - see Reefer (railroad)
a marine aquarist who maintains corals, sea anemones and other invertebrates
of the coral reefs, with or without fishes
See 1st Sallow.
DET, DMT, Frigidaire, LSD, Mary Jane, Pullman, Pullman car, STP,
THC, acid, antidepressant, ataractic, baggage car, boxcar, caboose,
car, carriage, chair car, coach, coal car, covered waggon, day coach,
diethyltryptamine, dimethyltryptamine, diner, dinghy, dining car,
drawing room, electric refrigerator, electronic refrigerator, flat,
flatcar, freezer ship, fridge, gage, ganja, gondola, grass, hallucinogen,
hash, hashish, hay, hemp, ice chest, icebox, joint, kava, local,
luggage van, mail car, mail van, marijuana, mescal, mescal bean,
mescal button, mescaline, mind-altering drug, mind-blowing drug,
mind-expanding drug, morning glory seeds, palace car, parlor car,
passenger car, peyote, pot, psilocin, psilocybin, psychedelic, psychic
energizer, psychoactive drug, psychochemical, psychotomimetic, railway
car, refrigerator, refrigerator car, refrigerator truck, refrigeratory,
roach, roomette, sleeper, smoker, smoking car, stick, stockcar,
tank, tea, tender, tranquilizer, truck, van, waggon, weed More Related
Words and Usage Samples
reefer truck reefer container reefer song reefer madness video used
reefer trucks reefer manufacturers planting reefer seeds pallet
reefer company reefer transportation companies reefer man reefer
trailer reefer trailers reefer reefer madness
1. The act of selling; the transfer of property, or a contract to
transfer the ownership of property, from one person to another for
a valuable consideration, or for a price in money.
2. Opportunity of selling; demand; market.
They shall have ready sale for them.
3. Public disposal to the highest bidder, or exposure of goods in
market; auction.Bill of sale
See under Bill.
to be bought or sold; offered to purchasers; in the market.
To set to sale
to offer for sale; to put up for purchase; to make merchandise of.
Noun 1. sale - the general activity of selling; "they tried
to boost sales"; "laws limit the sale of handguns"
2. sale - a particular instance of selling; "he has just made
his first sale"; "they had to complete the sale before
the banks closed"
3. sale - the state of being purchasable; offered or exhibited for
selling; "you'll find vitamin C for sale at most pharmacies";
"the new line of cars will soon be on sale"
4. sale - an occasion (usually brief) for buying at specially reduced
prices; "they held a sale to reduce their inventory";
"I got some great bargains at their annual sale"
Synonyms: cut-rate sale, sales event
5. sale - an agreement (or contract) in which property is transferred
from the seller (vendor) to the buyer (vendee) for a fixed price
in money (paid or agreed to be paid by the buyer); "the salesman
faxed the sales agreement to his home office"
Synonyms: sales agreement
SALE, contracts. An agreement by which one of the contracting parties,
called the seller, gives a thing and passes the title to it, in
exchange for a certain price in current money, to the other party,
who is called the buyer or purchaser, who, on his part, agrees to
pay such price. Pard. Dr. Com. n. 6; Noy's Max. ch. 42; Shep. Touch.
244; 2 Kent, Com. 363; Poth. Vente, n. 1; 1 Duverg. Dr. Civ. Fr.
2. This contract differs from a barter or exchange in this, that
in the latter the price or consideration, instead of being paid
in money, is paid in goods or merchandise, susceptible of a valuation.
It differs from accord and satisfaction, because in that contract,
the thing is given for the purpose of quieting a claim, and not
for a price. An onerous gift, when the burden it imposes is the
payment of a sum of money, is, when accepted, in the nature of a
sale. When partition is made between two or more joint owners of
a chattel, it would seem, the contract is in the nature of a barter.
See 11 Pick. 311.
3. To constitute a valid sale there must be, 1. Proper parties.
2. A thing which is the object of the contract. 3. A price agreed
upon; and, 4. The consent of the contracting parties, and the performance
of certain acts required to complete the contract. These will be
4.-Sec. 1. As a general rule all persons sui juris may be either
buyers or sellers. But to this rule there are several exceptions.
1. There is a class of persons who are incapable of purchasing except
sub modo, as infants, and married women; and, 2. Another class,
who, in consequence of their peculiar relation with regard to the
owner of the thing sold, are totally incapable of becoming purchasers,
while that relation exists; these are trustees, guardians, assignees
of insolvents, and generally all persons who, by their connexion
with the owner, or by being employed concerning his affairs, have
acquired, a knowledge of his property, as attorneys, conveyancers,
and the like. See Purchaser.
5.-Sec. 2. There must be a thing which is the object of the sale,
for if the thing sold at the time of the sale had ceased to exist
it is clear there can be no sale; if, for example, Paul sell his
horse to Peter, and, at the time of the sale the horse be dead,
though the fact was unknown to both parties: or, if you and I being
in Philadelphia, I sell you my house in Cincinnati, and, at the
time of the sale it be burned down, it is manifest there was no
sale, as there was not a thing to be sold. It is evident, too, that
no sale can be made of things not in commerce, as the air, the water
of the sea, and the like. When there has been a mistake made as
to the article sold, there is no sale; as, for example, where a
broker, who is the agent of both parties, sells an article and delivers
to the seller a sold note describing the article sold as "St.
Petersburg clean hemp," and bought note to, the buyer, as "Riga
Rhine hemp," there is no sale. 5 Taunt. 786, 788; 5 B. &
C. 437; 7 East, 569 2 Camp. 337; 4 Ad. & Ell. N. S. 747 9 M.
&, W. 805. Holt. N. P. Cas. 173; 1 M. & P. 778.
6. There must be an agreement as to the specific goods which form
the basis of the contract of sale; in other words, to make a perfect
sale, the parties must have agreed the one to part with the title
to a specific article, and the other to acquire such title; an agreement
to sell one hundred bushels of wheat, to be measured out of a heap,
does not change the property, until the wheat has been measured.
3 John. 179; Blackb. on Sales, 122, 5 Taunt. 176; 7 Ham. (part 2d)
127; 3 N. Ramp. R.282; 6 Pick. 280; 15 John. 349; 6 Cowen, 250 7
Cowen, 85; 6 Watts, 29.
7.-Sec. 3. To constitute a sale there must be a price agreed upon;
but upon the maxim id certum est quod reddi certum potest, a sale
may be valid although it is agreed that the rice for the thing sold
shall be determined by a third person. 4 Pick. 179. The price must
have the three following qualities, to wit: 1. It must be an actual
or serious price. 2. It must be certain or capable of being rendered
certain. 3. It must consist of a sum of money.
8.-1. The price must be an actual or serious price, with an intention
on the part of the seller, to require its payment; if, therefore,
one should sell a thing to another, and, by the same agreement,
he should release the buyer from the payment, this would not be
a sale but a gift, because in that case the buyer never agreed to
pay any price, the same agreement by which the title to the thing
is passed to him discharging him from all obligations to pay for
it. As to the quantum of the price that is altogether immaterial,
unless there has been fraud in the transaction. 2. The price must
be certain or determined, but it is sufficiently certain, if, as
before observed, it be left to the determination of a third person.
4 Pick. 179; Poth. Vente, n. 24. And an agreement to pay for goods
what they are worth, is sufficiently certain. Coxe, 261; Poth. Vente,
n. 26. 3. The price must consist in a sum of money which the buyer
agrees to pay to the seller, for if paid for in any other way, the
contract would be an exchange or barter, and not a sale, as before
9.-Sec. 4. The consent of the contracting parties, which is of the
essence of a sale, consists in the agreement of the will of the
seller to sell a certain thing to the buyer, for a certain price,
and in the will of the buyer, to purchase the same thing for the
same, price. Care must be taken to distinguish between an agreement
to enter into a future contract, and a present actual agreement
to make a sale. This consent may be shown, 1. By an express agreement.
2. By all implied agreement.
10.-1. The consent is certain when the parties expressly declare
it. This, in some cases, it is requisite should be in writing. By
the 17th section of the English statute, 29 Car. II. c. 3, commonly
called the Statute of Frauds, it is enacted, "that no contract
for the sale of any goods, wares, or merchandise, for the price
of œ10 or upwards, shall be allowed to be good, except the
buyer shall accept part of the goods so sold, and actually receive
the same, or give something in earnest to bind the bargain, or in
part payment, or some note or memorandum in writing of the said
bargain be made and signed by the parties to be charged by such
contract or their agents thereunto lawfully authorized." This
statute has been reenacted in most of the states of the Union, with
amendments and alterations,
11. It not unfrequently happens that the consent of the parties
to a contract of sale is given in the course of a correspondence.
To make such contract valid, both parties must concur in it at the
same time. See Letter, com. law, crim. law, Sec. 2; 4 Wheat. 225;
6 Wend. 103; 1 Pick. 278 10 Pick. 326.
12. An express consent to a sale may be given verbally, when it
is not required by the statute of frauds to be in writing.
13.-2. When a party, by his acts, approves of what has been done,
as if he knowingly uses goods which have been left at his house
by another who intended to sell them, he will, by that act, confirm
14. The consent must relate, 1. To the thing which is the object
of the contract; 2. To the price; and, 3. To the sale itself. 1st.
Both parties must agree upon the same object of the sale; if therefore
one give consent to buy one thing, and the other to sell another,
there is no sale; nor is there a sale if one sells me a bag full
of oats, which I understand is full of wheat; because there is no
consent as to the thing which is the object of the sale. But the
sale would be valid, although I might be mistaken as to the quality
of the tiling sold. 20 John. 196 3 Rawle, 23, 168. 2d. Both parties
must agree as to the same price, for if the seller intends to sell
for a greater sum than the buyer intends to give, there is no mutual
consent; but if the case were reversed, and the seller intended
to sell for a less price than the buyer intended to give, the sale
would be good for the lesser sum. Poth. Vente, n. 36. 3d. The consent
must be on the sale itself, that is, one intends to sell, and the
other to buy. If, therefore, Peter intended to lease his house for
three hundred dollars a year for ten years, and Paul intended to
buy it for three thousand dollars, there would not be a contract
of sale nor a lease. Poth. Vente, n. 37.
15. In order to pass the property by a sale, there must be an express
or implied agreement that the title shall pass. An agreement for
the sale of goods is prima facie a bargain and sale of those goods;
but this arises merely from the presumed intention of the parties,
and if it appear that the parties have agreed, not that there shall
be a mutual credit by which the property is to pass from the seller
to the buyer, and the buyer is bound to pay the price to the seller,
but that the exchange of the money for the goods shall be made on
the. spot, no property is transferred, for it is not the intention
of the parties to transfer any. 4 Wash. C. C. R. 79. But, on the
contrary, when the making of part payment, or naming a day for payment,
clearly shows an intention in the parties that they should have
some time to complete the sale by payment and delivery, and that
they should in the meantime be trustees for each other, the one
of the property in the chattel, and the other in the price. As a
general rule, when a bargain is made for the purchase of goods,
and nothing is said about payment and. delivery, the property passes
immediately, so as to cast upon the purchaser all future risk, if
nothing remains to be done to the goods, although he cannot take
them away without paying the price. 5 B. & C. 862.
16. Sales are absolute or conditional. An absolute sale is one made
and completed without any condition whatever. A conditional sale
is one which depends for its validity upon the fulfillment of some
condition. See 4 Wash. C. C. R. 588; 4 Mass. 405; 17 Mass. 606;
10 Pick. 522; 13 John. 219; 18 John. 141; 8 Vern. 154; 2 Hall 561;
2 Rawle, 326; Coxe, 292; 1 Bailey 563; 2 A.K. Marsh. 430.
17. Sales are also voluntary or forced, public or private.
18.-1. A voluntary sale is one made without constraint freely by
the owner of the thing sold; to such the usual rules relating to
sales apply. 2. A forced sale is one made without the consent of
the owner of the property by some officer appointed by law, as by
a marshal or a sheriff in obedience to the mandate of a competent
tribunal. This sale has the effect to transfer all the rights the
owner had in the property, but it does not, like a voluntary sale
of personal property, guaranty a title to the thing sold it merely
transfers the rights of the person as whose property it has been
seized. This kind of a sale is sometimes called a judicial sale.
3. A public sale is one made at auction to the highest bidder. Auction
sales sometimes are voluntary, as when the owner chooses to sell
his goods in this way, and then as between the seller and the buyer
the usual rules relating to sales apply; or they are involuntary
or forced when the same rules do not apply. 4. Private sales are
those made voluntarily and not at auction. 19. The above rules apply
to sales of personal property. The sale of real estate is governed
by other rules. When a contract has been entered into for the sale
of lands, the legal estate in such lands still remains vested in
the vendor, and it does not become vested in the vendee until he
shall have received a lawful deed of conveyance from the vendor
to him; and the only remedy of the purchaser at law, is to bring
an action on the contract, and recover pecuniary damages for a breach
of the contract. In equity, however, after a contract for the sale,
the lands are considered as belonging to the purchaser, and the
court will enforce his rights by a decree for a specific performance;
and the seller will be entitled to the purchase money. Will. on
Real Prop. 127. See Specific performance.
20. In general, the seller of real estate does not guaranty the
title; and if it be desired that he should, this must be done by
inserting a warranty to that effect. See, generally, Brown on Sales;
Blackb. on Sales; Long on Sales; Story on Sales, Sugd. on Vendors;
Pothier, Vente; Duvergier, Vente; Civil Code of Louisiana, tit.
7; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.; and Contracts; Delivery; Purchaser;
Seller; Stoppage in transitu.
Sale is the name of several places:
Sale, Greater Manchester, England
Sale is also a type of contract for the exchange of goods, property
or services. See Contract of sale.
It is also a term used by stores to signify discounts.
For example "All computers are on sale this week."
abalienation, alienation, amortization, amortizement, assignation,
assignment, available, bargain and sale, barter, bazaar, bequeathal,
buying, cession, closing-out sale, conferment, conferral, consignation,
consignment, conveyance, conveyancing, deeding, deliverance, delivery,
demise, disposal, disposition, distress sale, enfeoffment, exchange,
flea market, garage sale, giving, going-out-of-business sale, in
stock, inventory-clearance sale, lease and release, marked down,
marketing, on the block, on the market, purchase, purchasing, rummage
sale, selling, settlement, settling, surrender, tax sale, trade,
trading, traffic, trafficking, transaction, transfer, transference,
transmission, transmittal, up for sale, vending, vesting, white
elephant sale, yard sale More Related Words and Usage Samples
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